Posted by: alhidaaya | April 16, 2009

Scenes from the hereafter

Scenes from the hereafter

The ExposureMankind, from Aadam to the last man to be created, will be exposed before their Lord-Allaah Almighty- for judgment, as He, The Most Exalted, Says (what means): “And they shall be presented before their Lord in rows.” [Quran 18: 48]The Prophet said, “Mankind will be exposed three exposures on the Day of Resurrection. The [first] two exposures shall be disputation and excuses, but at the third [exposure], the scrolls [of deeds] will be distributed, and then some will take them in their right hands, others in their left.” [At-Tirmithi]So, the first time, people will dispute with one another: the weak with the tyrants who hindered them from faith, the tyrants responding that they are, in the final analysis, not to blame, for each individual believes or disbelieves by his/her own conscious decision. The disbelievers will deny that prophets came to them. At the second exposure, people will acknowledge their wrongs, and will seek excuses. With the third exposure, the books of deeds will be distributed amongst them. Receiving the book in the right hand signifies success, while receiving it in the left hand or behind one’s back signifies failure.Allaah, the Most Exalted, Says (what means): “O mankind, indeed you are laboring toward your Lord with [great] exertion and will meet it. Then as for he who is given his record in his right hand. He will be judged with an easy account. And return to his people in happiness. But as for he who is given his record behind his back. He will cry out for destruction. And [enter to] burn in a Blaze.” [Quran 84: 6-12]The QuestioningAllaah, the Most Exalted, Says (what means): “So by your Lord, We will surely question them all. About what they used to do.” [Quran 15: 92-93] and (what means): “Then We will surely question those to whom [a message] was sent, and We will surely question the messengers.” [Quran 7: 6]The people will be questioned about whether messengers came to them, and how they responded to them. The messengers themselves will be questioned about whether they conveyed the message.Belief in the questioning and reckoning of the Hereafter instills a sense of responsibility and accountability in the Muslim. He must be constantly watching over his heart and his deeds, and must be prepared to forego those fleeting, ephemeral pleasures of this world which are available to him on the path of sin. He must be prepared to undergo some suffering and hardship in the temporary abode (worldly life), in order to avoid the inescapable consequences of evil in the Hereafter. He must fear standing before his Lord if he desires safety on that ghastly day. Allaah, the Almighty and Majestic, Says in a Hadeeth Qudsi (narration in which the meaning is from Allaah and the wording is from Prophet Muhammad ): “By My Might! I shall not combine for My slave two lives of fear, nor two lives of surety.” [Ibn Hibbaan]People will be questioned, on the Day of Judgment:1. About faith, as the Prophet said: “You will be asked about (the testimony of faith): ‘Laa ilaaha illallaah (none is worthy of worship but Allaah)’” [At-Tirmithi]2. About the five-daily prayers: The Prophet said “The first thing which the slave will be questioned about on the Day of Resurrection will be his prayer. If it is in order, then he shall have prospered and succeeded, while if it is impaired, then he shall have failed and be ruined.” [At-Tirmithi]3. About those under one’s care: Allaah Almighty Says (what means): “O you who have believed! Protect yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is people and stones…” [Quran 66: 6] The Prophet said: “Every one of you is a guardian, and every one of you will be asked about those under his care. The man is a guardian over his family, and will be questioned about those under his care. The woman is a guardian over her husband’s house, and will be questioned about that under her care. The slave is a guardian over his master’s property, and will be questioned for that under his care.” [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim]4. About the bodily organs: Allaah Almighty Says (what means): “And do not pursue that of which you have no knowledge. Indeed, the hearing, the sight and the heart- about all those [one] will be questioned (by Allaah)…” [Quran 17: 36]5. About delights: Allaah Almighty Says (what means): “Then on that Day you shall be asked about pleasure (you indulged in, in this world)!” [Quran 102:8]6. About intentions: Allaah Almighty Says (what means): “Whoever desires the life of this world and its adornments — We fully repay them for their deeds therein, and they therein will not be deprived.” [Quran 11:15-16]In a long narration reported by Muslim we are told that the men whose cases shall be judged first on the Day of Resurrection shall be a man who was martyred, a man who acquired knowledge and taught it and who recited the Quran, and a man to whom Allaah had been generous and given many varieties of wealth. These men will acknowledge Allaah’s favors upon them, and will claim that they did these deeds for His sake. They will be exposed as liars, for they did not do these deeds for the sake of Allaah. The man who was martyred had been fighting in order to be called brave, the scholar or reciter of the Quran had acted thus in order to gain a reputation as such, and the benefactor had sought recognition as a generous person. Since deeds are judged according to their intentions, these people received what they had sought through these deeds, and so they will not receive reward for them on the Day of Judgment. Hence, they will be dragged into Hell on their faces.Additionally, there are four questions which everyone must face on the Day of Judgement. The Prophet said: “The feet of a slave will not move on the Day of Judgement until he has been questioned about [four things:] his life – how he spent it, his knowledge – how he acted upon it, his wealth – where he earned it and how he spent it, and his body – how he used it.” [At-Tirmithi]The ReckoningAllaah Almighty Says (what means): “Indeed, to Us is their return. Then indeed, upon Us is their account.” [Quran 88: 25-26] People will be brought to account for their deeds, as well as for their resolved intentions. The Prophet said: “When two Muslims encounter one another with their swords, the murderer and the murdered shall be in the Fire.” [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim] The murdered individual will also enter the Fire because he was intent on killing his brother. However, out of the Grace of Allaah, we are excused for fleeting thoughts which we do not consciously entertain or sustain, nor verbalize. Allaah Says (what means): “Allaah does not charge a soul except [with that within] its capacity” [Quran 2: 286] The Prophet has said: “Allaah has forgiven my Nation Nation for those things which their hearts whisper to them.” [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim]There will be some who will enter Paradise without reckoning. In the Hadeeth narrated by Muslim the Prophet said that the nations of all the prophets may Allaah exalt their mention were exposed to him. He saw some prophets with only one or two people, or their family members with them (i.e. no-one else had believed in them). Then, he saw a huge crowd, and thought that was his Nation. Jibreel (the angel Gabriel) told him that it was actually the Nation of Moosa (Moses) but he indicated to him a larger crowd which stretched across the horizon, and told him that this was his Nation. He said, “…and with them are 70,000 who shall enter Paradise without reckoning or punishment. They are those who do not seek Ruqyah from others (words from the Quran or Sunnah said for the express purpose of protection or cure), nor draw omens, but rely upon their Lord.” [Muslim]Martyrs of the battlefield who died in the cause of Allaah will also be exempted from the reckoning. The Prophet has said: “While the slaves (people) are standing at the place of reckoning, a [group of] people will come with their swords (hanging) on their backs dripping blood, and they will assemble at the gate of Paradise. It will be asked: ‘Who are these?’ whereupon it will be said: ‘They are the martyrs; they were alive, receiving sustenance.’” [At-Tabaraani]

Posted by: alhidaaya | April 16, 2009

Salaada

Mahad Ilaahay baa iska leh, Ilaaha abuuray samooyinka, dhulalka iyo waxa ku guda jiraba ee noole iyo ma noolaba leh, Ilaaha wax kastoo jiraa ay nasahaan habeen iyo maalinba, Ilaaha wax walba ku ahaysiiya ahow isla markaa uu waxaasi ahaanayo, Ilaaha aan waxba u baahan ee isaga ay wax kastaa u baahan yihiin,Ilaaha weligii jiray, jirina doona marka ay waxkastaa baaba’aan, odhanna Maalinta uu keligii yahay “Maanta yaa Mulkiga (maamulka iyo lahaanshaha adduunka) iska leh ” cid u jawaabta marka uu waayana isagu iskugu jawaabaya ” waxa iska leh Ilaaha keli ah ee adkaada“. Naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbana ha ahaato Rasuulkeennii suubanaa korkiisa, ahaana naxariistii Eebbe nasahnaa oo korreeye uu adduunka u soo saaray, Rasuulkii Eebbe uu ku yidhi:- “Kuumaanaan soo dirin naxariis aad caalamiinta (uumanaha) u tahay mooyaane” Rasuulkii uu Eebbe nasahnaa oo korreeye ammaanay dhaqankiisa iyo asluubtiisa “Waxaa kuu sugnaaday(Nabiyow) dhaqan(asluub fiican) oo wayn“.

     Ilahaay nasahnaa oo korreeye wuxuu yidhi:-Yaa ka wanaagsan hadal, ruux ugu yeedhay (dadka) xagga Ilaahay, sameeyayna wanaag, yidhina waxaan ka mid ahay MuslimiintaSuuradda Fussilat aayadda 33aad .Nabigeenuna naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye wuxuu yidhi:- “Iga gaadhsiiya xaggayga (dadka) Aayadna ha ahaatee“. Waxaa kale oo uu Nabigeennu naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye yidhi:- “Addoonku Ilaahay (nasahnaa oo korreeye) hortiisa kama dhaqaaqo ilaa la waydiiyo afar:- Cimrigiisii iyo waxa uu ku dhammaystay, Dhallinyaranimadiisii iyo waxa uu ku qabtay, Cilmigiisii iyo waxa uu ku sameeyay, Maalkiisii meesha uu ka keenay iyo halka uu ku bixiyay “. Haddaba anigoo garawsan in Ilaahay korreeye uu i waydiin doono cilmiga uu i baray iyo waxaan ku sameeyay ayaan isku dayay inaan bal walaalahayga Soomaaliyeed aqoontooda ku biiriyo kitaabkan yar oo aan Ilaahay ka rajaynayo kana baryayo inuu ku anfaco kitaabkan oo aan isku dayay inaan soo minguuriyo sidii ugu habboonayd ee uu Nabigeennu naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye uu u tukan jiray.Waxaan raadraac ugu noqday kutub dhawr ah oo waqtigan aynu joogno la qoray iyo kutub beri hore ay culimada muslimiintu qoreen, waxaanan isku dayay inaan is barbar dhigo dhawr fikradood, ama mararka qaarkood afarta Mad-habood ee kala ah Shaaficiyada,Maalikiyada,Xanafiyada iyo Xanbaliyada,  waxaana igu xambaaray waayo aragnimo aan ka qaatay waxyaalo fara badan oo soo baxay markii Yurub la soo galay, oo ay dhacday in arrimo badan oo markii Soomaaliya la joogay aan laga hadli jirin, amaba aanba laba soo qaadi jirin ayay duruufuhu keeneen in la is waydiiyo, tusaale anagoo dhawr iyo labaatan dhallinyaro u badan ayaanu wada degnay magaalo yar oo waqooyiga Yurub ah, waxaanu markaas ku dhaqmaynay mad-habta Shaaficiyada oo shardi ka dhigaysa tukushada Salaadda Jimcaha in ugu yaran 40 qof ay joogaan si Jimcaha jamaaco loogu tukudo iyo waliba arrimo kale oo su’aalo joogto ah keenay. Waxayna arrimahaasi keeneen inaan kutub badan raad raaco,waana ta keentay inaan buuggan qoro.Waxaan isku dayay inaan arrin kastaba dhawr fikradood isbarbar dhigo, siiba afarta mad-habood ee caanka ah ,waxaanan ka soo qaatay ta aniga ila habboon ee aan is idhi Allaylehe taasaa malahayga ugu habboon.       

      Hore iyo dambaba waxaa mahad iska leh Ilaahii i siiyay nimco uu addoon siiyo nimcada u qaalisan waa nimcada Islaamnimada ahe, iguna sugay Islaamnimo, iguna dhex abuuray bulsho muslin ah,ina baray waxaanan aqoon “Rabbiyow ii kordhi cilmi, iguna arsaaq fahmo“.Ilaahii garansiiyay Hooyaday Khadiija Aw Cali (Jaanyar) naxariistiisa Janno Ilaahay ha ka waraabiyee inay iga soo kaxayso Gaama (waa meeshii aan ku dhashay oo ku taala duleedka magaalada Jigjiga, buuraha Gurays hoostoodana ah), Wajaalana i keento,aabahayna naxariistiisa Janno Ilaahay ha ka waraabiyee garansiiyay inuu igu daro malcaamaddii Badri Sheekh Abuukar iyo Cabdisamad Sheekh oo ahaa labadii macallin ee Ilaahay ha ka abaal mariyee wax i baray.

     Ilaahay baan ka baryayaa inuu camalkan iiga dhigo mid aan ku doonayo wajigiisa kariimka ah ,isagana aan u gaar yeelayo, isagaana jidka toosan ku hanuuniya kuna hagaajiya addoomada uu jecel yahaye,baryadayada u dambaysaana waa Mahad oo dhan waxaa iska leh Caalamiinta oo dhan Rabbigood.

     Wixii gaf,illowsho iyo garasho gaabni ah waa xaggayga iyo shaydaanka, Ilaahay baanan ka baryayaa inuu iga dhaafo,wixii aan haleelana waa wax xagga Eebbe ka yimid Ilaahay baanan markasta talo saaranayaa xaggiisaanan u noqonayaa .                                                                                      Mohamed Salan Cali

 

                            Salaadda

 

Salaaddu waa cibaado(1 )ka kooban akhrin (Quraan , Alla waynayn,Alla nasahaad,Alla baryid) iyo falal gaar ah(Rukuucid(2) , Sujuudid(3)). Kuna furanta (bilaabanta) waynaynta Eebbe korree oo waynaaye (Allaahu Akbar/Ilaah baa wayn), kuna dhammaata (xidhanta) salaama naqsi (Assalaamu Calaykum/Nabadgalyo korkiinna ha ahaato).

     Waa udub dhexaadka diinta ,la’aanteedna diintu dhismayn sida uu Rasuulkeennii naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye inoo caddeeyay isagoo yidhi:-(Arrinka madaxiisu waa Islaamka,udubdhexaadkiisuna waa Salaadda ,baarka kuruskiisuna(figtiisa korena) waa u halganka Jidka Ilaahay).

Ilaalinteeda iyo dhawristeeda xilliyeedna (waqtiyada salaaddu) waa waajib saaran qof kasta oo muslin ah xaalad kasta oo uu ku jiraba.Eebbe korree oo waynaaye oo inna faraya ilaalnteedana wuxuu yidhi:- (Ilaaliya Salaadaha iyo Salaadda dhexe(Casar), una istaaga dar  Eebbe idinkoo yeeli (khushuucsan),haddii aad cabsataana idinkoo lug ah,ama gaadiid fuushan (tukada), markaad nabad heshaana xusa Eebbe sida uu idiin baray waxaydaan aqoonin) [Suuradda Albaqara (Suuraddii Saca) 238--239].

Salaaddu waa xilkii cibaadooyinka ugu horreeyay ee uu Eebbe nasahnaa oo korreeye saaray addoomadiisa , iyadoo uu xilkaas si toos ah u soo faray Rasuulkeenna naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye habeenkii la dheelmiyay ,samooyinka korana la geeyey , ummaddiisana ugu soo dhiibay xilkaas iyadoon cidi u dhaxayn.

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1-Cibaadadu waa wax kasta oo fiican oo Ilaahay dartii loo sameeyo sida :- Salaadda, Soonka, Sakada (Sadaqada), tagista Xajka, u samafalka dadka tabaalaysan,u halganka jidka Eebbe, faritaanka wanaagga iyo reebidda xumaanta, barista dadka aqoonta Eebbe ku baray  iwm.Cibaadaduna waa wixii Eebbe adduunkan dartii u abuuray .Eebbe nasahnaa oo korreeye wuxuu yidhi:-(Umaanan abuurin Jinka iyo Insiga(dadka) inay i caabudaan mooyee).

2.Rukuucdu waa fal Salaadeed ka mid ah falalka ay Salaaddu ku dhammaystirmayso, waxaana uu qofka muslinka ahi sameeyaa marka uu akhriyo Suuradda Faataxada iyo Quraankii kale ee u fududaada kaddib, waana foorarsi qufku uu jilbihiisa ku qabsanayo gacmihiisa ,dhabarkiisana uu simayo, iyadoo labadiisa lugoodna waxogay kala durugsan yihiin, isagoo odhanaya (Subxaana Rabbiyal Cadiimi Wabixamdihii=Rabbigayga wayn baa ku nasahan mahadiisa).

3.Sujuuddu waa fal Salaadeed la sameeyo Rukuucda kaddib ,iyadoo uu qofku saarayo dhulka foodda wajiga,sa-nka,gacmaha(calaacalaha),jilbaha iyo faraha lugaha, iyadoo faraha gacmuhu la siman yihiin wajiga,isla markaana waxogay kala furaya garbaha,isagoo odhanaya (Subxaana Rabbiyal Aclaa Wabi Xamdihii=Rabbigayga korreeya baa ku nasahan mahaddiisa).

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Asaxaabigii1 la odhan jiry Anas binu Maalik Ilaahay ha ka raalli ahaadee wuxuu yidhi:-(Waxaa salaadda lagu farad(waajib) yeelay Nabaiga naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye habeenkii la dheelmiyay iyadoo konton (Salaadood) ah ,markaasaa la dhimay ilaa laga yeelay shan(Salaadood), markaasaa loo dhawaaqay (nabaiga naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye) oo la yidhi:- “Maxamadow; Hadalka agtayda lama beddelo, shantaas waxaad ku leedahay (abaalmarinta) konton(Salaadood)). [Waxaa wariyay Axmad ,Annisaa'i iyo Tirmiidi oo saxay].

 

     Waa tiirka labaad ee lammaaneeya qiritaanka addoonku qiro kelinimada Eebbe iyo xaq u yeelashada cibaadada uu Eebbe darteed Jin iyo dadba u abuuray ,sida Eebbe nasahnaa oo korreeye uu Quraanka innoogu sheegay yidhina:- (Umaanan abuurin Jinni iyo dadba inay i caabudaan mooyee) (Suuradda Addaariyaat 56). Iyo qiritaanka in Nabi Maxamad naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye adoonkiisii iyo soo dirihiisii (Rasuulkiisii) uu yahay .Iyadoo isla markaa Salaaddu u noqonaysa addoonka xayndaabkii uu xumaanta ka galayay , sida Eebbe nasahnaa oo korreeye uu innoogu sheegay Quraaanka:- (Akhri (nabiyow) waxa laguu waxyoon oo kitaabka ah, oog Salaadana, maxaa yeelay Salaaddu waxay ka reebtaa (dadka) xumaanta iyo wax la noco , xusidda Eebbaana wayn , Eebbana waa og yahay waxaad samaynaysaan)  (Suuradda Al-Cankabuut 45).

Isla markaana u ahaanaysa mid(Salaaddu) gafafka ka maydha ,sida uu yidhi Rasuulkii Ilaahay naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye:- (Shanta Salaadood waxay la mid yihiin sida wabi biyo badan oo qulqulaya afaafka midkiin, kuna maydha(qabaysta) maalintii shan jeer). [Muslin baa wariyay]. Iyo Xadiiskii kale ee Rasuulkeennu naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye uu ku yidhi:-(Shanta Salaadood , iyo Jimce ilaa Jimce , iyo Ramadaan ilaa Ramadaan waxay tirtiraan (gafafka) dhexdooda ah , haddii laga dheeraado(danbiyada) kuwa waawayn) [Muslin baa wariyay].

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1-Asaxaabi (la socde) waa facii ugu horreeyay ee Umadda Nabigeenna naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye,nasiibna u yeeshay inay Nabiga Eebbe la soo dhaqmaan , jidna la soo maraan , xilkii ugu ballaadhna ee fidinta diintana dhabarka u ritay ,iyagoo arrintaas ku mutay inay noqdaan faca u khayr badan umaddan ,sida uu nabigeennu naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye uu yidhi :-( Waxaa idiinku khayr badan facayga ,markaana kuwa ku sii xiga, markaana kuwa ku sii xiga).

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     Waa xadhiga xidhiidhiya Ilaahay iyo addoonkiisa ,ahna waqtiga uu addoonku Eebbihii ugu dhawaansho badan yahay,sida uu Rasuulkeennu naxariis iyo nabad galyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye yidhi:-(Wuxuu addoonku ugu dhawaansho badan yahay (Ilaahay) isaga oo sujuudsan) [Basaar baa soo saaray Ina Mascuud buuna ka soo xigtay waana xadiis saxiix ah]. Waana fal(camal) addoonku qabto ka ugu khayr badan , sida uu Rasuulkeennu inoo sheegay naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye isagoo yidhi:-(Toosnaada koobi maysaane,ogaadana in camalladiina(falalkiinna) ay Salaaddu ugu khayr badan tahay, waysaysigana ma dhawro qof mu’min(rumeeye) ah mooyee) [Maalik ayaa kitaabkiisa Mooda' la yidhaahdo ku qoray].

Iyadoo isla markaana noqonaysa falkii uu addoonku samayntiisa Jannada kula dhex taxtaxaashi lahaa Rasuulkeennii naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye, sidii uu Muslim ka soo wariyay Ina Rabiica Maalik oo reer Aslami ahaa (Rabiica Binu Maalik Al-Aslamiyyi) inuu yidhi:-Rasuulkaa naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye igu yidhi:-(Waydiiso(wax i waydiiso)) , markaasaan ku idhi:- waxaan ku waydiisanayaa inaan Jannada dhexdeeda kugula daanshadaanshoodo , markaasuu yidhi(Rasuulku naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye):-(Wax kale miyaadan i waydiisanayn?),markaasaan ku idhi:- Waa intaas, markaasuu yidhi (Rasuulku naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye):- (Haddaba adna iigu dadaal naftaadu badsiga sujuudda (Salaadda)).

 

     Waana waxa ugu horreeya Salaaddu ee maalinta Abaal-marinta(Qiyaamada) la waydiin doono in addoonku si fiican u gutay iyo in kale ,waana falka(camalka) addoonka u hagi doona hoygii badhaadhaha(Janada) haddii waxqabadkiisii adduunyo hormoodkiisa oo Salaadda ahi hagaagsnaato,toosnaato si fiicanna u soo gutay, ama u hagi doona hoygii baaba’a(Naarta),haddii waxqabadkiisii adduunyo hormoodkiisa oo Salaadda ahi hallawdo ,si fiicanna u soo gudan waayay , sida uu nabigeenni naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye innoogu sheegay Xadiiskii uu ku yidhi:-(Waxa ugu horreeya ee addoonka waxqabadkiisii(camalkiisii) la warsan(xisaabin) doono maalinta Qiyaame waa Salaaddiisii,  Markaa haddii ay hagaagsanaato wuu gudbay (aflaxay) wuuna liibaanay (najaxay),haddiise ay hallowdo wuu hoogay wuuna khasaaray.Haddii uu wax ka dhinnaado faradkiisii (Xilkii lagu waajibiyay),Rabbi waynaa oo sharaf badnaaye wuxuu odhani:-”Eega (fiiriya) addoonkaygu ma leeyahay dheeri (Salaad Sunne1 ah) oo looga dhammaystiro wixii ka dhinnaaday faradka?” . Markaasuu waxqabadkiisa kalana sidaa noqonayaa) [Tirmiidi baa wariyay wuxuuna yidhi waa xadiis fiican].

 

     Waajib ahaanta Salaadduna waxay ku sugnaatay Kitaabka Quraanka ah ee sharafta badan , iyo jidayntii (Sunnadii) Nabigeenna naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaata-ye.Haddii aan Quraanka sharafta leh ku horreyno Eebbe waynaa oo korreeye meelo fara badan oo Quraanka ah ayuu innoogu caddeeyey heerka ay Salaaddu tahay inay qof kasta oo muslin ah oo Eebbe iyo rasuulkiisa rumeeyay ka taagnaato(dhawristeeda,qadarinteeda iyo gudashadeeduba).Eebbe nasahnaa oo waynaaye wuxuu yidhi:-(Waxaa liibaanay ruuxii Daahir noqda ,magaca Eebbeana xusa Salaadana tukada) [Suuradda Al Aclaa 14-15].

Waxaa kale oo uu Eebbe korreeye yidhi:-(Salaaddu waxay ku tahay Mu’miniinta Xukun waqtiyaysan)[Suuradda Annisaa'a dhammaadka aayadda 103].

Waxaa kale oo uu Eebbe korreeye yidhi:-(Anigu waxaan ahay Alle Ilaah kalana ma jiro aniga mooyee ee ani i Caabud , Salaaddana u oog xuskayga) [Suuradda Daaha 14].

Waxaa kale oo uu Eebbe korreeye yidhi:- (Salaaddana ooga , Sakadana bixiya, Waxaad u hormarsataan naftiina oo khayr ah waxaad ka helaysaan Eebbe agtiisa ,Eebbena waxaad qabanaysaan(Camalfalaysaan) waa arkaa) [Suuradda Al-Baqarah 110].

Waxaa kale oo uu Eebbe korreeye yidhi:-(Ilaaliya Salaadaha iyo Salaadda dhexe(Casar) una istaaga dar Eebbe idinkoo yeeli(Khushuuci) ) [Suuradda Al-Baqarah 238].

Waxaa kale oo uu Eebbe korreeye yidhi:-(U tuko Eebbahaa dartiis,waxna u gawrac) [Suuradda Al-Kawsar 2].

Waxaa kale oo uu Eebbe korreeye yidhi:-(Waxa liibaanay(dhab ahaan) Mu’miniinta,ah kuwa Salaadda ku Khushuuca) ilaa laga gaadho hadalka Eebbe korreeye uu ku yidhi:- (Waana kuwa Salaadahooda ilaaliya, kuwaasi waa kuwa dhaxli (wanaagga), oo ah kuwa dhaxli (Jannada) Firdawsa kuna waari dhexdeeda) [Suuradda Al-Mu'minuun 1,2------9,10,11].

     Rasuulkeenuna naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye, Jidayntiisii (Sunnadiisii fal iyo hadalba ahaa) ayuu innagu tusay , Xadiisyo fara badan oo Salaadda waajibnimadeeda caddaynayana waa laga soo wariyay ,waxaana ka mid ah Xadiiskii uu Nabigeennu naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye ku yidhi:- (Waxaa la i faray (amray) inaan la dagaalamo dadka ilaa ay ka qirayaan inaan Ilaahay mooyee Ilaah kale jirin, iyo in Muxamadna Rasuulkii Ilaahay yahay , iyo inay Salaadda oogaan , bixiyaanna Sakada, hadday sidaas yeelaanna waxaa iga dhawrsoon (reeban) dhiigooda iyo xoolohooda xaqa Islaamku ku leeyahay mooyee, xisaabintoodana Ilaahay baa haya) [Bukhaari iyo Muslin baa wariyay].

Waxaa kale oo uu Rasuulkeennu naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye yidhi:-(Ninka(qofka) iyo gaalnimada waxaa u dhaxeeya ka tagista Salaadda) [Axmad,Muslim,Abuu Daa'uud,Tirmiidi iyo Ina Maajah(Ibnu Maajah) baa wariyay]. Adkaynta uu Salaadda innagu adkaynayo oogisteeduna waxay ahayd dardaarankiisii ugu danbeeyay markii uu dunidan ka sii socday xagga Eebbehiina u noqonayay, isagoo odhanaya:-(Salaadda ,Salaadda (ooga, ooga oo dhawra) iyo ciddii gacantiinnu hantido (u naxariista oo kaalmeeya) ).

 

 

                           Yay waajib ku tahay ?

 

    Waxay waajib (xilsaaran) ku tahay qof kasta oo muslin ah , caqli leh(miyir qaba) oo qaangaadh ah ,sida uu caddaynayo Xadiiskii Caa’isha Ilaah raalli ha ka ahaadee ay soo werisay in Nabigu naxariis iyo naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye uu yidhi:- (Saddex qalinkoodu wuu laalan yahay(xil ma saarna)-ka hordaa ilaa uu ka baraarugo, ilmuhuna inta uu ka qaangaadho , ka waalanna ilaa uu ka miyirsanayo-) [Waxaa weriyay Axmed, Asxaabta Sunanta iyo Xaakim oo yidhi:- Wuxuu saxiix ku yahay shardiga labada Sheekh (Bukhaari iyo Muslin), Tirmiidina wuu wanaajiyay].1    

 

     Waxaase habboon ilmuhu markuu toddoba jir gaadho in la baro salaadda (habka loo tukado ,shuruudaheeda iyo su-gnaanteedaba),toban jir markuu gaadhan haddii uu tukan waayo in la uleeyo oo gogosha loo diido inuu seexdo isagoon tukan, si uu u qabatimo tukashada Salaadda , uguna toosnaado qalloocna u galin waayo yaraantay toosintu ku habboon tahay ,sida geedkuba in yaraanta lagu toostoosiyo ugu habboon yahay.Sida Rasuulkeennii naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye Xadiis uu ka soo wariyay Cumar Ibnu Shucayb aabihii iyo awawgii uu ku yidhi:-(Fara caruurtiina Salaadda marka ay toddoba jirsadaan ,kuna garaaca (hadday tukan waayaan) markay toban jirsadaan gogoshana u kala rara (gabdhaha iyo wiilasha) )   [ Waxaa wariyay Axmed,Abuu Daa'uud iyo Al-Xaakim , wuxuuna yidhi :- Wuxuu saxiix ku yahay shardiga Muslin].

 

 

Muxuu noqonayaa xukunka qofka Salaadda ka taga?

 

Qofka Salaadda Inkira jiritaankeeda, kana madax adaygaa waa gaal ka baxay diinta Islaamka , sida Eebbe nasahnaa oo waynaaye uu Quraankiisa sharafta badan innoogaga warramay jawaabaha ay kuwa Naarta galaa u celinayaan dadka Jannada gala. Eebbe korreeye wuxuu yidhi:-(Naf walba waxay u xidhan tahay waxay falatay (camal),hase yeeshee midiglayaashu (kuwa buuggooda camal midigta laga siiyay) waxay geli Jannooyin , iyagoo iswaydiin, kuwii danbiilayaasha ahaa , iyagoo ku odhan maxaa idin galiyay Naarta Saqara (la dhaho) , waxay yidhaahdeen (ugu jawaabi)  ka mid maanaan ahayn kuwa tukada , mana aanaan ahayn kuwo quudiya miskiinka ,waxaanannu ahayn kuwo la tiimbada kuwa xumaanta tiimbanaya (dhumbanaya) , waxaanannu ahayn kuwo beeniya maalinta abaalmarinta,illaa ay dhabtu nooga timaado (geeridu) ) [Suuradda Al-Muddasir 38-47]. 

 

     Kase rumaysan Salaadda aanse tukan illaa waqtigeedu ka baxo si kas ah asxaabtii Rasuulka naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye iyagana Ilaah ha ka raalli ahaadee qaar baa gaaleeyey waxaana ka mid ah (Cumar Binu Khaddaab,Cabdillaahi Ibnu Mascuud,Cabdillaahi Ibnu Cabbaas , Mucaad Binu Jabal,Jaabir Binu Cabdillaahi , iyo Abuu Dardaa’a). Raacayaashiina(Taabiciyiintiina) kuwa gaaleeyay waxaa ka mid ah:-Axmed Ibnu Xanbal,Isxaaq Binu Raahweyh,Cabdillaahi Ibnu Mubaarak ,Nakhaci,Al-Xakam Binu Cutaybah,Abuu Ayuub Al-Sakhtiyaani,Abuu Daa’uud Addayaalisi,Abuu Bakar Binu Abii shaybah,Suhayr Binu Xarbi iyo kuwo kale Allaha u wada naxariistee). [ Abdil-Cadiim Al-Mundiri ayaa ku qoray kitaaabkiisa la yidhaahdo Attarqi-ib Wattarhiib/Rajogalin iyo Cabsiin].

     “Hormoodada Mad-habuhuna (A’imada) qaar waxay banneeyeen in loo dilo gaalnimo qofkii inta la faro tukashada Salaadda diida balse faradnimadeeda (waajibnimadeeda) aan ka madax adaygayn sida:- Axmed ,Isxaaq iyo Ina Mubaarak .Qolyana waxay yidhaahdeen xad’ ahaan baa loo dilayaa (ee la gaalayn maayo) sida Maalik iyo Shaafici.

Abuu Xaniifa iyo asxaabtiisa iyo Ehlu Daahirku waxay u arkaan in la xidho oo la canaanto(garaaco) ilaa uu ka tukado” [Ibnu Rushdi ayaa ku qoray kitaabkiisa Bidaayatul Mujtahid.. ]

     Khilaafkaasina wuuxu la xidhiidhaa habka fahamka Xadiisyada ka soo arooray Nabigeenna naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye ee qofka Salaadda ka taga gaalnimo ku sheegay sida xadiisyadan hoos ku qoran oo kale:-

1-Jaabir Allaha ka raalli ahaadee waxaa laga soo weriyay in Rasuulkii Ilaahay naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye uu yidhi:-(Ninka (qofka) iyo gaalnimada waxaa u dhaxeeya ka tagista Salaadda) [Kooxdaa warisay Bukhaari iyo Nisaa'i mooyaane].

2-Buraydah Allaha ka raalli ahaadee waxaa laga soo wariyay in Nabigeennu naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye uu yidhi:-(Ballantii noo dhaxaysay annaga iyo iyagu waa Salaadda, markaa kii tagaa wuu gaaloobay) [Shantaa warisay].

3-Cabdillaahi Binu Camar Binul-Caas Allaha ka raalli ahaadee waxaa laga soo wariyay in Nabigeennu naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye uu maalin ka hadlay Salaadda yidhina:-(Ka ilaaliya iyada (Salaadda) waxay u noqotaa maalinta Qiyaamada iftiin,bur-haan (caddayn) iyo badbaado . Kaan ilaalinna uma noqoto iftiin, burhaan iyo badbaado toona,waxaanu maalinta Qiyaamada meel la maraa Qaaruun, Fircoon , Haamaan iyo Ubayyi Binu Khalaf) [Waxaa weriyay Axmed,Dabaraani iyo Ibnu Xabbaan ,sanadkiisuna(cuskashadiisuna) waa fiican yahay].

     Iyadoo aynu arkaynno in Xadiisyadaasi caddeeyeen magacdhawga gaalnimo qofkii tukan waaya ayaa culimada sidaa ka soo horjeeddaa waxay soo qaataan Nusuus(weedho) guud  sida hadalkii Eebbe korreeye uu ku yidhi:-(Eebbe ma dhaafo in lala wadaajiyo (cid kale Cibaadada) wuuse ka dhaafaa wixii waxaas ka soo hadhay cidduu doono. Ruuxii la wadaajiya Eebbe (cid kale cibaadada), wuxuu dhumay dhumid wayn) [Suuradda An-Nisaa' -116]

 

      Shawkaani wuxuu yidhi:-”Kii uu Rasuulkii Ilaahay naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye ku magacaabay gaal , annaguna gaal ayaannu ku magacaabaynaa ,waxna ku kordhin mayno ,waxna ka mala awaali maynno ,waayo wax nagu xambaarayaan jirin”. [Naylul Awdaar 1/287].

Halkaas waxaa markaa innooga cad in jidku kala cad yahay ,caqli laawuhuna keligii uu ku lugo’ayo isdhigasho aan adduun iyo aakhara toona meel marinayn.

 

 

  Waxyaalaha waajibka ah Salaadda  ka hor

        Waxaa jira waxyaalo shuruudo ah oo aanay Salaaddu la’aantood ku ansaxmayn(dhammaystirmayn),illaa uu qofka muslinka ahi la yimaaddo mooyaane,waxayna kala yihiin:-
1-Daahirnimada(nadiifnimada):-Taasoo koobaysa daahir ahaanshaha jidhka,dharka iyo goobta Salaadda lagu tukanayo.
2-Asturaadda (qarinta) cawrada.
3-Garashada iyo ogaanshaha waqtiga Salaadda.
4-U jeedsiga xagga Qiblada (masaajidka Xurmaysan 1 )



1-Masaajidka Xurmaysan:- Waa gurigii ugu horreeyey ee Ilaahay nasah-naa oo korreeye uu u dhigay dadku inay ku cibaadaystaan, wuxuuna ku yaalaa Makka, Eebbe wuxuu yidhi: “Gurigii ugu horreeyay ee loo dhigay (loo sameeyay si ay ugu Cibaadaystaan) waaka Baka (Makka) ku yaala“. 



 Haddii Eebbe oggolaadana aynu isku daynu inaan mid mid u balball-aadhinno shuruudahaas aan kor ku soo sheegnay.

                            1.Daahirnimada(nadiifnimada)

     Waa iska maydhista qofka muslinka ahi uu ka maydho jidhkiisa iyo dharkiisaba nijaasta1 muuqata sida kaadida ,saxarada iyo dhiigga oo uu qofku ka Istijoonayo2 ama iska dhaqayaba, iyo nijaasta xukumeed(go’aameed) sida Jinaabada,caadada(dumarka) iyo dhiigga dhalmada(dumarka) oo uu qofku jidhkiisoo dhan biyo wada gaadhsiinayo , isagoo markaa kaddibna waysaysanaya , sida Eebbe korree oo waynaaye uu Quraanka innoogu caddeeyay kuna yidhi:- (Kuwa (xaqa) rumeeyayow, haddaad u kacdaan Salaadda,maydha(dhaqa) wajiyadiinna iyo gacmihiinna tan iyo Jiqilka (Xusulka), masaxana madax-iinna, (dhaqana) lugihiinna tan iyo anqawyada,haddaad Janaabo qabtaanna isdaahiriya , haddaad buktaan ama safar tihiin ama ka timaadaan kortag ama istaabataan haween oydaan helin biyo,ku gabagabaysta dhul daahira , kuna masaxa wajigiinna iyo gacmihiinna , idinlama doonayo Eebbe inuu yeelo korkiinna dhib ,wuxuuse dooni inuu idin daahiriyo,idiinna dhammeeyo nimcadiisa korkiina ah inaad shugridaan (mahadnaqdaan) darteed) [Suuradda Almaa'ida 6].

Iyo sidoo kale Xadiiskii uu soo wariyay Ina Cumar Allaha ka raalli ahaado isaga iyo aabihiiba e, in Nabigu naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaatee uu yidhi :-(Ma aqbalo (yeelo) Ilaahay Salaad aan laysku daahirin , iyo Sadaqo(wax bixin) ka timid xatooyo 3) [Kooxdaa warisay Bukhaari mooyaane]. 

     Asal ahaanna waxa la isku daahiriyaa waa biyo ,sida uu Eebbe korree oo waynaaye uu Quraanka innoogu sheegay kuna yidhi:-(Eebbe (sarreeye) waa kan u dira dabaysha bishaaro darteed naxariistiisa (roobka) hortiisa (ka hor), waxaanannu ka soo dejinay samada biyo wax daahiriya ) [Suuradda Alfurqaan :48].

     Aqoonyahanada (culimada) islaamkuna waxay isku raacsan yihiin in biyoo dhami1 ay daahir yihiin waxna daahirin karaan , waxay kaloo isku raacsan yihiin in biyaha badan ee aanay nijaastu beddelin urtooda,midabkooda iyo dhadhankoodaba ay daahir wax daahirin kara yihiin ,sidoo kale waxay isku raaceen in biyaha ay dooriyeen waxaan laga ajoonayn(didayn) ama muddo meel ku jiray1 inay daahir wax daahirin kara yihiin , waxay kaloo isku raaceen in biyaha nijaasi tilmaamahoodii beddeshay (ur,midab iyo dhadhanba) aan la isku daahirin karin laguna waysaysan karin , waxayse isku khilaafeen:-

1-Biyaha nijaasi ku dhacday oo uu Maalik yidhi biyuhu ha bateen ama ha yaraadeene hadday nijaasi ku dhacdo waa daahir la isku daahirin karo ,wuxuuse shardi uga dhigay inaanay nijaastu beddelin seddexdii astaamood middood(ur,midab iyo dhadhan), isagoo maragsaday labadan xadiis oo midka hore laga soo wariyay Abii Hurayra Allaha ka raalli ahaadee inuu yidhi:- Nin reer baadiye ah ayaa kacay , markaassuu Masaajidka ku dhex kaajay , dadkiibaa markaas intay iswada taageen mid kastaa damcay inuu wax ku dhufto , markaasaa Nabigu naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye ku yidhi:-(Waar daaya , kuna shuba kaadidiisa dusheeda waadaan biyo ah (buuxda amaba dhiman) ama waadaan biyo ah (oo buuxda) , waxaa laydin soo saaray fudaydiyayaal ee la idiinma soo saarin adkeeyayaale) [Kooxda ayaa warisay Muslim mooyaane]

Iyo Xadiiska kale ee laga soo wariyay Abii Saciid Alkhudari Allaha ka raalli ahaadee inuu yidhi:- Waxaa la yidhi Rasuul Allow(naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye) ma ku waysaysan karnaa ceelka Budaaca (ceel Madiina ku yaalay  oo aad u biyo yaraa marka uu soo buuxsamo miskaha ma dhaafi jirin marka uu biyo yareeyana ka hoos mari jirey) ?. Markaasuu yidhi (Nabigu naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe jorkiisa ahaataye) :-(Biyuhu waa daahir , waxna ma nijaasayn karaan ) [Waxaa wariyay Axmad,Shaafici,Abuu Daa'uud,Annisaa'i iyo Tirmiidi oo wanaajiyay ].

Abii Xaniifa iyo Shaaficina waxay u kala qaadeen biyaha badni iyo yaraan , iyagoo yidhi yaraanta hadday nijaasi taabato waa nijaas , iyadoo uu Shaafici soo qaatay Xadiiskii laga soo wariyay Ina Cumar Allaha ka raalli ahaado isaga iyo aabihiiba in Nabigu naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye uu yidhi:-(Haddii biyuhu yihiin laba Qulladood(3)  ma qaataan nijaasta) [Shantaa warisay].



1-Nijaas:-Waxaa la yidhaahdaa waxyaalaha ay ka mid yihiin dhiigga,kaadida,saxarada, mataga iwm, kuwaasoo ay waajib tahay in qofku iska daahiriyo.
2-Istijo:-waa marka uu qofku kortago(xamaam ama musqul) galo inuu iska nadiifiyo saxarada amaba kaadida, isagoo iskaga qalajinaya dhagax,warqad ama wixii la mid ah, amaba iskaga maydhaya biyo.

3-Qullad:-waa qiyaas xaddi ah laba Foosto



 

Qasaali wuxuu yidhi :- Waxaan jeclaan lahaa in Mad-habka Shaafici ee la xidhiidha biyaha uu noqdo sida Mad-habka Maalik oo kale [Kitaabka Fiqhi Sunnah b. 21].Ibnu Rushdina wuxuu kitaabkiisa (Bilawga dadaalaha iyo dhammaadka doonaha) uu ku yidhi:- Xadka necbaysigu(karaahiyadu) wuxuu ila yahay wixii naftu necbaysato una aragto biyo xun , taasoo ah wixii cabitaankiisa dadku naco waxaa waajib ah in laga dheeraado isticmaalkooda Ilaahay korreeye loogu dhawaanayo .

     Anigana waxay ila tahay maadaama ay biyo soconaya yihiin , astaantooda biyoodna aanay isbeddelin inay daahir la isku daahirin karo (maydhasho iyo waysaba ) yihiin.

2.Biyaha ay wax daahir ahi ku darsoomeen sida saabuunta, sacfaraanka iyo daqiiqda ,haddii astaamihii biyood mid ahaan beddelmo , waana daahir sida culimadu isku raacsan yihiin aanse wax daahirinayn sida Maalik,Axmad iyo Shaafici qabaan , wax daahirinaya sida uu Abuu Xaniifa qabo haddii uusan doorsoonku wax ku karsasho ahayn amaba dareeranimadu ka tagin . Xukunkooduna waa daahir wax daahiriya inta ay astaamihii biyo caadi ah leeyihiin siday aniga ila tahay ,waayo dee lama odhan karo biyaha marka casiir(cabitaan) lagu qaso waa cabitaan ,naftuna jeclaysan mayso isticmaalkooda(maydhasho iyo waysaysiba) , sidoo kalana haddii daqiiq lagu qoosho biyo kaba sii daran oo qoosh kuma maydhan kartid.

3-Biyaha is daahirin loo isticmaalay oo culimada qaarkood aanay bannayn isku daahirintooda , sida Mad-habka Shaafici iyo Abuu Xaniifa qabaan , qaarna waa karaahiyo ayay yidhaahdeen in la isku daahiriyo haddii biyo kale la helayo sida Mad-habka Maalik qabo , qaar kalana iyaga iyo biyaha caadiga ahi waa isku mid ayay yidhaahdeen sida Abuu Thawr, Daa’uud iyo asxaabtiisa , Abuu Yuusufna wuu xag tagayoo waaba nijaas ayuu yidhi[Bidaayatul Mujtahid b. 30]. Iyadoo ay sugan tahay in Asxaabtu u kala baratami jireen Nabigeenna naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye waysadiisa, isla markaana qofka muslinka ahi aanu nijaasoobin sida Xadiiskii laga soo wariyay Abii Hurayra Allaha ka raalli ahaadee inuu yidhi:- Nabiga naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eeebbe korkiisa ahaataye ayuu kula kulmay dariiqyada Madiina isagoo Jinaabaysan , markaasuu ka dhuuntay (leexday) Nabiga (naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye) , dabadeedna intuu soo maydhay ayuu u yimid Nabiga(naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye) , markaasuu ku yidhi Nabigu (naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye) :-(Xaggeed jirtay Abaa Hurayrow) ,markaasuu yidhi(Abii Hurayra):-Waan jinaabaysnaa ,markaa waxaan karaahiyaystay inaan kula fadhiisto aniga oon daahir ahayn, markaasuu Nabigu (naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye) yidhi:-(Ilaahay baa nasahan qofka Mu’minka ahi ma nijaasoobo) [Kooxdaa warisay].

Sidaasi darteed waa biyo caadi ah haddii wax baddalay aanu jirin siday aniga ila tahay.

4-Hanbooyinka oo culimadu isku raacsan yihiin daahir ahaanshaha hambooyinka muslimiinta iyo xoolaha la dhaqdo,waxaase khilaaf badani ka jiraa wixii intaa ka soo hadhay , sida hanbada gaalada, bahalaha duurjoogta ah, bisadaha,eyda, haadda iyo wixii la midka ah. Sababta khilaafkaas keentayna waa habka fahamka aayadaha Quraanka ah iyo Xadiisyada laga soo weriyay Nabigeenna naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye , sida hadalkii Eebbe korree oo nasahnaaye uu ku yidhi:-(Kuwa xaqa rumeeyayow mushrikiintu (gaaladu) waa nijaas ee yaysan Masaajidka xurmaysan u dhawaanin sanadkan ka dib , haddaad ka cabsataan saboolnimana wuxuu idinku hodmin Eebbe fadligiisa hadduu doono illayn waa oge falsane) [Suuradda Attawbah: 28]

Oo culimada qaarkood u qaateen nijaas ahaantooda laf ahaaneed , sida aayadda macnaha guud noqonaayo, qaar kalana u qaateen waxay aaminsan yihiin ee aanay laf ahaantooda ahayan. Sayid Saabiq wuxuu ku qorey kitaabkiisa la yidhaahdo (Fiqiga Sunnada):-”Hanbooyinka dadka (Muslin ,gaal , Jinaabe qabe , Caado qabto) waa wada daahir , hadalkiise uu Eebbe korreeye ku yidhi :-(Mushrikiintu (gaaladu) waa nijaas) ujeedadu waa nijaasnimadooda macnawiyeed1 ee la xidhiidha waxyaalaha baadilka ah ee ay rumaysan yihiin iyo iska dhawris la’aantooda qudhunka iyo nijaasaha ee maaha laftooda iyo jidhkooda ayaa nijaas ah”.Sidoo kale waa daahir hambada baqlaha,dameeraha ,bahalaha,haadda iyo bisaddu sida uu caddaynayo Xadiiskii laga soo wariyay Jaabir Allaha ka raalli ahaadee in la waydiiyay Nabiga naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye ,(ma ku waysaysan karnaa waxa dameeruhu reebeen ? markaasuu yidhi (Nabigu naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye) Haa, iyo waxay reebeen bahaluhu dhammaantoodba“) [Waxaa soo saaray Shaafici,Daarqindi iyo Bayhaqi] . Iyo Xadiiskii laga soo wariyay Kabshatu Bintu Kacab oo Ina Abii Qataada ooridiisa ahayd  inay tidhi:- Abaa Qataada ayaa u soo galay, markaasay biyo u shubtay(uu ku waysaysto) , waxaa u timid bisad biyo doon ah , markaasuu u janjeedhiyay weelkii kana cabtay, waxay tidhi Kabsha (iyadoo hadalkii sii wadata):-Abaa Qataadaa i arkay anigoo eegaya, markaasuu igu yidhi:-Gabadhii walaalkayey  miyaad ila yaabtay , markaan haa ku idhina wuxuu yidhi: Rasuulkii Ilaahay naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye wuxuu yidhi:-(Iyadu (Bisaddu) maaha nijaas ee waa kuwo idinku kor wareega (ee lab) iyo kuwa idinku wareega(ee dheddiga, sida shaqaalaha guriga oo kale) ) [Shantaa warisay , Tirmiidina wuxuu yidhi:- Waa Xadiis fiican oo saxiix ah, waxaa kaloo saxay Bukhaari iyo kuwo kale]. Waxaa kaliya oo nijaas ah buu yidhi :-Hambada eyga iyo ta doofaarka, sida uu caddaynayo Xadiiskii ay Bukhaari iyo Muslim ka soo wariyeen Abii Hurayra Allaha ka raalli ahaadee in Nabigu naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaatee uu yidhi:-(Haddii Ey ka cabbo weelka midkiin dhexdiisa , ha maydho(weelkaas) toddoba) . Werinta Axmed iyo Muslimna waxay tahay:-(Daahirinnimada weelka midkiin haddii uu afka la gelo dhexdiisa Ey inuu maydho toddoba jeer , marka u horraysa uu carro ku maydhayo) . Hambada doofaarkase waxaa nijaas ka dhigay qudhunkiisa iyo wasakhdiisa”.[b. 21--22]

     Ibnu Rushdina wuxuu ku qoray kitaabkiisa (Bidaayatul Mujtahid..):-Arrintu waa ra’yi ay adag tahay dhan u badintiisu ,sida habboona waa in laga reebo daahirnimada hambooyinka xayawaanka Eyga iyo doofaarka ,iyo  ta gaalka, iyadoo ay sugan tahay raadka ku soo arooray Eyga, iyo iyadoo muuqaalka guud ee Kitaabka(Quraanka) ah oo ay habboon tahay in loo raaco hadalka nijaasnimada lafti ahaaneed ee doofaarka iyo gaalka qiyaas ahaan , iyo sidoo kale muuqaalka guud ee Xadiiska”[b. 33-34].

     Siday aniga ila tahayna waxaa habboon inaan la isku daahirin hambooyinka Eyga iyo doofaarka , ta gaalkuse inay daahir tahay, inagoo u qaadanayna nijaasnimadoodu inay tahay waxa khaldan ee ay rumaysan yihiin ee aysan ahayn laf ahaantooda, waayo Eebbe korreeye wuxuu Quraankiisa ku yidhi:-(Maanta waxaa la idiin xalaaleeyay wanaagyaalka,iyo cuntada kuwii la siiyay kitaabku waa idiin xalaal idinka , cuntadiinuna waa u xalaal iyaga , iyo kuwa dhawrsoon oo mu’minaadka ah  iyo kuwa dhawrsoon ee ka mid ah kuwii la siiyay kitaabka idinka hortiin (waa idiin xalaal guurkoodu) haddii aad siisaan meherkooda idinkoo dhawrsoon, xumaan falayaalna (dhilaystayaalna) ahayn, aan samaysanaynna saaxiibado, ciddii ka gaalawda iimaankana wuu buray camalkiisu (shaqadiisu) wuxuuna ka mid noqon aakhiro kuwa khasaaray ) [Suuradda Al-maa'idah :5] .

Markaa haddii ay nijaas yihiin la inooma banneeyeen cuntooyinkooda iyo xataa inaynu guursanno dumarkooda.



        Jidhka iyo dharka markay nijaasi gaadho waxaa waajib ah in biyo lagu maydho ilaa laga goynayo nijaastaa, hadday tahay mid la arkayo sida dhiigga, haddii marka la dhaqana uu wax ka gu’i waayay ku hadho dhibaato ma leh , nijaasta aan muuqanna sida kaadida waa la maydhayaa hal marna ha ahaatee .Asmaa Bintu Abii Bakar Ilaahay ha ka raalli ahaadee waxaa laga wariyey inay tidhi:-(Naag baa u timid Nabiga naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye oo ku tidhi:-Midkayaa toobkeeda waxaa kaga dhacaya dhiigga caadada sidee bay samaynaysaa?. Wuxuu yidhi(Rasuulku naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye):-(Jijibi, markaana biyo kula jijibi ,kabacdina maydh ,markaana ku tuko iyada(maradii)) [Waa la isku waafaqsan yahay ]. Haddii nijaasi gaadho dharka dumarka ee dhulka taabanaya ciidda ayaa daahirinaysa,sida la wariyay in naagi ku tidhi Ummu Salamah Ilaahay ha ka raalli ahaadee :-(Waxaan dheeraystaa maradayda hoose e , sidee baan u dul socon karaa meel wasakhaysan (qudhun iyo nijaas leh)?. Markaasay ku tidhi:-Rasuulkii Ilaahay naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye wuxuu yidhi:-(Waxaa daahirinaya wixii ka danbeeya (dhulka iyo ciidda ka danbaysa ee qofka dumarka ahi ku sii dul socoto)) [Waxaa wariyay Axmed iyo Abuu Daa'uud].

 

     Dhulkana waxaa lagaga daahirin karaa nijaasta in biyo lagu shubo ,sida uu inoo caddaynayo Xadiiskii Abuu Hurayrah wariyay  ee ahaa:-(Nin reer baadiye ah ayaa kacay markaasuu Masaajidka ku dhex kaajay , dadkiibaa intay markaas is wada taageen mid kastaa damcay inuu wax ku dhufto, markaasaa Nabigu naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye ku yidhi:-(Waar daaya, kuna shuba kaadidiisa dusheeda waadaan biyo ah (buuxda amaba dhiman) , ama waadaan biyo ah (buuxda) , waxaa laydiin soo saaray fudaydiyayaal ee la idiinma soo saarin adkeeyayaale) [Kooxda ayaa warisay Muslim mooyaane].

Sidoo kalana wuxuu daahir ku noqon karaa ingagid , Caa’isha Ilaahay ha ka raalli ahaadee waxay tidhi:-(Daahirnimada dhulku waa ingagistiisa(qalalistiisa)) [Ibnu Abii Shaybah ayaa wariyay], taasina waa nijaasta socota . Haddayse jimidh (Qaro) leedahay in la tirtiro ama meesha laga qaado ayuu daahir ku noqonayaa dhulku.

Maydhashada(Isdaahirintana) aynu u kala qaadno maydhashada jidhka, kortagga iyo waysaysashada.

b-Maydhashada

 

     Maydhashadu waa gaadhsiin qofku biyo wada gaadhsiiyo jidhkiisa, iyada oo ay waajib noqonayso marka ay dhawrkan arrimood dhacaan:-

1-Biyo (Mani) ku soo baxa doonis galmoosho, hurdo(junuub) ama soo jeedba, lab ahaayaa amaba dheddigba e , sida uu Eebbe nasahnaa oo korreeye uu innoo caddeeyay yidhina:-(Haddii aad Jinaabaysan tihiinna isdaahiriya (Maydha) ) [Qayb ka mid ah Aayadda 6 ee Suuradda Al-Maa'idah]. Iyo sida uu caddaynayo Xadiiskii laga soo wariyay Abii Saciid in Rasuulkii Ilaahay naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye uu yidhi:-(Biyuhu biyo ayay ka yimaadaan(Biyo ayaa lagu maydhaa marka ay biyo soo baxaan) ) [Muslin baa wariyay]. Iyo Xadiiskii laga soo wariyay Ummu Salamah Ilaahay ha ka raalli ahaadee in Ummu Sulaym ay tidhi:- Rasuulkii Ilaahayow (naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye ) Ilaahay kama xishoodo wixii xaq ahe naagta ma maydhasho ayaa korkeeda ah hadday isku Junuubto?. Markaasuu yidhi (Nabigu naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye) :-(Haa , hadday aragto biyo ) . Ummu Salamah ayaa tidhi:- Oo naaguhu ma isku Junuubaan?. Markaasuu yidhi (Nabigu naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye):-(Gacantaadu boodhowdaye ,oo haddaa maxaa u ekaysiiya ilmaheeda) [Waa la isku waafaqsan yahay].

     Haddiise aanay biyuhu ku iman doonis galmoosho, hase yeeshee ku soo baxaan xanuun,qabow amabase nabar xoog leh oo ku dhacay dhabarka, maydhasho waajib ku noqonmayso. Inta qofku Jinaabo qabana waxaa ka reebban:-

b-Tukashada Salaadda.

t-Ku negaanshaha Masaajidka , iyadoo dhex mar dani ku jirtaa u bannaan tahay , sida Eebbe korree oo waynaaye uu Quraanka innoogu sheegay yidhina:-(Kuwa (xaqa) rumeeyayow ha u dhawaanina Salaadda idinkoo sakhraansan illaa aad ka garataan waxa aad dhahaysaan  idinkoo jinaabaysanna (ha u dhawaanina) inaad jid gudbaysaan mooyiye illaa aad ka maydhataan) [Suuradda Annisaa'a horraanta aayadda 43]. Iyadoo Ibnu Cabbaas iyo culimo kale ku macneeyeen jid gudubkaas dhexmaridda masaajidka.

j-Taabashada kitaabka Quraanka ah ,qaadistiisa iyo akhrintiisaba, taasoo culimada badankoodu isku raacsan yihiin ,sida uu caddaynayo Xadiiskii laga soo wariyay Cali Ilaahay ha ka raalli ahaadee inuu yidhi:-(Rasuulkii Ilaahay naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye wax ka celin jiray Quraanka ma jirin aan jinaabo ahayn) [Asxaabta Sunantaa warisay Tirmiidi iyo kuwo kalana way saxeen]. Iyo Xadiiskii kale ee isla Cali Ilaahay ha ka raalli ahaadee uu ku yidhi:-(Waxaan arkay Rasuulkii Ilaahay naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye oo waysaytay , dabadeedna akhriyay Quraan , markaana yidhi:-(Waa sidaas (sida ay ugu bannaan tahay akhrintiisu) kii aan jinaabo qabin , kii jinaabo qabase maya , xattaa aayadna) [Waxaa wariyay Axmad iyo Abuu Yaclaa oo habkan u wariyay].

Wayse jiraan culimo u bannaysay akhrinta Quraanka qofkii jinaabaysan sida Bukhaari,Dabaraani ,Daa’uud iyo Ibnu Xasam.Bukhaari wuxuu yidhi:-Ibraahim wuxuu yidhi:-Dhib ma leh in Caado qabtadu aayad akhrido , Ibnu Cabbaasna dhib uma arkayn akhrinta Quraanka ee qofka jinaabaysan.

x-Dawaafka (ku wareegista) Kacbada.

2-Labada Gudane(xubnaha taranka) oo isku taga , taasoo ah in labku u galmoodo dheddiga, biyaba yaanay ka imane, sida uu innoo caddaynayo Xadiiskii laga soo wariyay Abii Hurayrah Ilaahay ha ka raalli ahaadee in Rasuulkii Ilaahay naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye uu yidhi:-(Haddii uu dhex fadhiisto (ninku) afarteeda xubnood (naagta) oo uu shaqeeyo (dhaqdhaqaaq galmoosho sameeyo) waxaa ku waajibay maydhasho) [Waa la isku waafaqsan yahay]. Muslim iyo Axmadna waxay ku dareen ;-(Xattaa yaanay biyo ka imaanine).

3-Joogsashada dhiigga Caadada iyo ka dhalmada, taasoo ku cad hadalkii Eebbe korree oo waynaaye uu ku yidhi:-Waxay ku waydiin Caadada (dhiigga haweenka) ,dheh waa dhib (wasakh) ee ka fogaada dumarka (inaad uga galmootaan) meesha caadada ,hana u dhawaanina (u galmoosho) ilaa ay ka maydhaan (dhiigga) ,markay daahir noqdaanna (maydhaan) uga taga meesha uu idin faray Ilaahay, Ilaahay wuxuu jecel yahay kuwa noqda (danbiyada ka soo noqda) ,wuuna jecel yahay kuwa isdaahiriya) [Suuradda Al Baqarah 222].

Iyo Xadiiskii laga soo wariyay Caa’isha (Hooyadii Mu’mniinta) Ilaahay ha ka raalli ahaadee in Faadumo Bintu Xubaysh ay ku tidhi Rasuulkii Ilaahay naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye :-Waxaan ahay naag dhiigta (dhabar furan leh) daahirna ma noqdo e ma dhaafaa Salaadda?, markaasuu  Rasuulkii Ilaahay naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye yidhi:-(Kaasi waa cirqi ee maaha caado e, markay soo horyeelato caadadu ka tag Salaadda ,markuu tago (dhaafo) waqtigeedu (mudadii dhiigga caadadu socon jiray) iska maydh dhiigga oo tuko) [Waxaa wariyay Bukhaari, Nisaa'i iyo Abuu Daa'uud]. Warin kale oo kooxdu lahayd Ibnu Maajah mooyee waxay ahayd:-(Markay soo horyeelato caadadu daa(dhaaf) Salaadda, markay jeedsatana (tagto) ka maydho dhiigga , tukana). Tirmiidi wuxuu werin kale ku kordhiyay:-(U waysayso Salaad kasta illaa uu ka yimaaddo waqtigaasi) . Werinta Bukhaarina waxay tahay:-(Hase yeeshee daa(dhaaf) Salaadda intii ayaamood ee aad caadoon jirtay oo kale (mudadii ay caadadaadu socon jirtay intii aad caafimaadka qabtay) markaasna maydho oo tuko).

     Dhiigga caadaduna waa mid garasho(aqoon) ay dumarku kaga soocaan dhiigagga kale ,sida laga soo wariyay Curwa in Faadumo Bintu Xubaysh  uu dhiig ka socon jiray(dhabar furan) ,markaasna uu Rasuulku naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye uu ku yidhi :-(Hadduu dhiig caado yahay waa madaw la yaqaan(dumarku yaqaanaan), markaa hadduu sidaa yahay jooji Salaadda, haddiise uu yahay ku kale(dhiig kale) waysayso oo tuko waa cirqi e)[Waxaa wariyay Abuu Daa'uud iyo Nisaa'i]. Amaba waa mid waqtigiisa dumarku yaqaanaan ,haddiise gabadhu dhabar furan ku qaan gaadho (dhiig socda uun), amaba aanay kala garanaynin dhiigagga , waxaa caado u noqonaya lix ama toddoba casho sida dumarku u badan yihiin, sida laga soo wariyay Xamnah Bintu Jaxash inay tidhi:- Waxaan dhiigi jiray dhiig badan , markaasaan u imid Rasuulkii Ilaahay naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye si aan wax uga waydiiyo ugagana warramo, markaasaan ka helay guriga walaashay Saynab Bintu Jaxash, waxay tidhi(Xamnah):-Rasuulkii Ilaahayow (naxariis iyo nabadgalyo Eebbe korkiisa ahaataye) anigu waxaan dhiigaa dhiig aad u badane bal ka warran

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